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Friday, February 16, 2018

Dreamers are afraid to wake up outside the United States

Por sumily

From this Monday, the United States Senate began to shape and debate a project on immigration, which, in keeping with the characteristics of the current mandate of President Donald Trump, could endanger the status of the 1.8 million undocumented immigrants who arrived. to the country being minors.

The conditions that the Republican president has put on the table to grant citizenship to more undocumented than those understood by the democratic opposition are practically impossible to negotiate and do not depend on citizen behavior or labor skills.Some of Trump's demands include radical measures and severe restrictions, including financing to build a wall on the border with Mexico, brakes for legal immigration with the elimination of the lottery for residence visas and reduction of family reunification to spouse and minor children.

The hope of obtaining citizenship of 1.8 million immigrants illegally taken to the United States as children is at stake from Monday, when the Senate begins to debate a major project on immigration, not without obstacles. President Donald Trump promises citizenship to all those young people, exceeding the number of beneficiaries contemplated by the Democratic opposition, but only in exchange for harsh restrictions on legal immigration and the financing to build a wall with Mexico.

The president's immigration proposal, published at the end of January, is at the center of a bill that must be presented by a group of senators of the Republican majority, and that could lay new foundations in the immigration system or be diluted in failure. Time flies. Nearly 700,000 dreamers, who took advantage of the DACA program, are at risk of losing their legal protections next month. That Barack Obama program, which allowed them to work and study since 2012, was canceled by Trump, who gave Congress until March 5 to give a definitive solution to the issue, although a federal judge in San Francisco temporarily suspended that decision and the Supreme Court was called to pronounce itself.

The US president, who during his presidential campaign constantly called to build the wall, has made border security and the fight against illegal immigration his priorities. To obtain funding for the wall, Republican senators present a naturalization process for 1.8 million dreamers, which should last from 10 to 12 years. It is a considerable concession: the Democratic minority requested in separate legislation the regularization of 690,000 dreamers, officially registered in the DACA. But it is accompanied by counterparts that drive away a good part of the opposition: a commitment of financing for 25,000 million dollars for the construction of the controversial wall and a strong cut of legal immigration by eliminating the draw of residence visas (green cards) and of chain migration or extended family reunification, which is limited to spouses and minor children.

Trump, who has blamed internal terrorist attacks and violent crimes on beneficiaries of the visa lottery and family reunification, promotes a merit-based immigration.