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Sunday, April 29, 2018

Mummy of Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Persia, is found in Tehran

Por Jade

A mummified corpse was found in Iran in the vicinity of a former royal mausoleum and is believed to be the remains of Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Persia and founder of the dynasty under his name. The discovery was made in Tehran, capital of the country, and the director of the Municipal Council for cultural legacy, Hassan Khalilabadi, said it is "possible" that the body is that of Pahlavi

The remains were found during construction work at the Shiite shrine of Abdol Azim Hassani in Shahr-e-Rey, built in the 9th century on the outskirts of the city, according to the IRNA news agency. It was the same place where their royal mausoleum had been, and Khalilabadi said that apparently the body had been removed from the mosque and reburied, according to the Iran Front Page.

Pahlavi took power in Iran in 1925 and was crowned sha, emperor of the Persian Empire, starting a dynasty under his name that is still in exile. During his reign he faced a campaign to modernize the country, plunged into backwardness, and led a secular government. His detractors criticized, however, his authoritarianism and the repression of ethnic minorities. In 1941 he was deposed by the British and the Soviets, who invaded the country fearing that Pahlavi would enter the Second World War on the side of Nazi Germany, with which he sympathized.

He died in 1944, exiled in Johannesburg, and four years later, his body was repatriated and placed in the royal mausoleum in Shahr-e-King, next to the sanctuary of Abdol Azim Hassani. Instead they placed their son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who would be Shah of Persia from 1941 until the Islamic Revolution of 1979 overthrew him and established the current Shiite theocratic regime. Just one year after the revolution, in 1980, religious officials under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini supervised the destruction of his tomb to expand the sanctuary of Abdol Azim Hassani.

Since then the body was considered lost, although some speculated that his son had withdrawn clandestinely from the country after leaving for his own exile. The dynasty persists through his grandson of the same name and crown prince, Reza Pahlavi, who is exiled in the United States. From there, he asked the Iranian government on Twitter to "not hide anything" after learning of the discovery of his grandfather's remains.